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National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC)

National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) 

The National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) was released on 30 June 2008 to mitigate and adapt to climate change. The NAPCC runs  through 2017 and directs ministries to submit detailed implementation plans  to the Prime Minister’s Council on Climate Change by December 2008. It  focuses on eight missions, which are as follows: 

  • National Solar Mission 
  • National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency 
  • National Mission on Sustainable Habitat 
  • National Water Mission 
  • National Mission for Sustaining the Himalayan Ecosystem 
  • Green India Mission 
  • National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture 
  • National Mission on Strategic Knowledge for Climate Change

Salient Features

NAPCC is guided by following principles-

  • Protection of poor and vulnerable sections of society through inclusive and sustainable development strategy, sensitive to climate change.
  • Achievements of national growth through qualitative changes enhancing ecological sustainability.
  • Deployment of appropriate technologies for both adaptation and mitigation of GreenHouse Gases emissions extensively and at an accelerated pace.

GreenHouse Gases (GHG)

  1. These are gases that absorb and emit radiant energy within the thermal infrared range.
  2. Primary GHGs are water vapour, carbondiaoxide, methane, nitrous oxide and ozone.
  3. Earth’s surface temperature would be −18 °C instead of the present average of 15 °C without GHGs.
  4. GHGs create Green House Effect which is the process by which radiation from a planet’s atmosphere warms the planet’s surface.
  • Regulatory and voluntary mechanisms to promote sustainable development and engineering new and innovative forms of market.
  • Effective implementation of plans using unique linkages like civil society and local governments through public-private partnership.
  • Invite international cooperation for research, development, sharing and transfer of data and technologies enabled by sufficient funding and backed up by a global IPR regime under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

UNFCCC Secretariat (UN Climate Change)

  1. It was established in 1992 when countries adopted the UNFCCC.
  2. Located in Bonn, Germany.
  3. Focuses on facilitating intergovernmental climate change negotiations.
  4. Provides technical expertise and assistance on analysis and review of climate change reports presented by the parties.
  5. Plays a crucial role in implementation of the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement.

National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) 

Updated: 2021-10-17 — 3:33 pm

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