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Classification of Crop Agronomy Table 7

Classification of crop Study Material

Classification of crop Study Material

Classification of crop Study Table

 1.Commercial Classification
Based on the plant products which come into the commercial field are grouped as:

Food crops
RiceWheatGreen gram
soybeanGroundnut 
Forage crops
All foddersOatsSorghum
MaizeNapier grassLucerne
Industrial/Commercial crops
CottonSugarcaneSugarbeet
Tobaccojute 
Food adjuvunts
TurmericGarlicCumin

 2.Economic/Agrarian/Agricultural Classification 

This classification is based on use of crop plants and their products.

Cereals
RiceWheatMaize
BarleyOats 
Major Millets
SorghumPearl Millet or cumbuFinger millet or Ragi.
Minor Millets
Fox tail millet,Little milletCommon millet
Barnyard milletKodo millet 
Oil seeds
GroundnutSesamum or GingellySunflower
CastorCottonLinseed or Flax
NigerSafflowerMustard
Pulses
Red gramBlack gramGreen gram
CowpeaBengal gramHorse gram
SoybeanGarden-beanGarden pea / Peas
Feed/Forage
BajraNapier grassGuinea grass
Fodder-sorghumDesmanthusLucerne
Fibre crops
Seed fibre, CottonStem fibre-jute, Mesta,Leaf fibre, Agave, Pineapple.
Sugar and starch crops
SugarcaneSugarbeetPotato
TapiocaSweet potatoAsparagus
Spices and condiments
GingerGarlicFenugreek
CuminTurmericChillies
OnionCorianderAnise and Asafetida
Drug crops/medicinal plants
TobaccoMint  
Narcotics, fumitories and masticatories 
TobaccoGanjaOpium poppy
Beverages
TeaCoffeeCocoa

 3.Seasonal Classification 

Kharif or South West Monsoon season crops
Maize, riceCastorGroundnut
Rabi crops/post monsoon crops
WheatMustardBarley
OatsBengal gramBerseem
CauliflowerCabbagePotato
Zaid or summer crops
Black gramGreen gramCowpea, Sesame

 4.According to Ontogeny

It is a classification based on the life cycle of a plant.

Annual crops
WheatMaizeRice
MustardBengal gramBarley
Biennial crops
Sugar beetBeet rootRadish
CabbageCarrot 
Perennial crops
SugarcaneNapier grass 

 5.According to suitability of toposequence 

Crops grown on upland
Red gramMaizeGroundnut
MustardCotton, Napier Barley
Crops grown on lowland
RiceDainchaPara grass
Jute  

 6.According to the suitability of the textural groups of soils 

Crops suitable to sandy to sandy loam (light) soils 
SorghumBajraSunflower
PotatoGreen gramOnion, Carrot.
Crops suitable to silty loam (medium) soils
JuteSugarcaneMaize
CottonMustardTobacco
RedgramBengalgramCowpea
Crop suitable to clay loam (heavy) soils
RiceWheatGuinea grass
LinseedBarleyLentil
Marvel grassPara grass 

 7.According to tolerance to problem soils 

Tolerant to acidic soils
Wet RicePotatoMustard
Tolerant to saline soils
ChilliesCucurbitsWheat, Barley 
SorghumCluster beansBajra
Tolerant to alkali/sodic soils
BarleyCottonBengalgram
BerseemSunflowerMaize
 Tolerant to waterlogged soils
Wet riceDainchaPara grass
Napier grassGuinea grass 
Crops tolerant to soil erosion
Marvel grassGroundnutBlackgram
Moth beanHorse gram 

 8.According to the tolerance to hazardous weather condition 

Frost tolerant
Sugar beetBeet root. 
Cold tolerant
PotatoCabbageMustard
Drought tolerant
BajraJowarBarley
SafflowerCastor 

 9.According to method of sowing/planting 

Direct seeded crop
Upland riceBajraJowar
WheatGroundnut  
Planted crops
PotatoSugarcaneSweet potato
Napier grassGuinea grass 
Transplanted crops
RiceRagiBajra
OnionBarleyTobacco, Brinjal

 10.According to inter-tillage requirement specially earthing up 

Intertilled crops
PotatoSweet potato,Groundnut
MaizeSugarcaneTurmeric
Non-Intertilled crops
Fodder sorghumDeenanath grass Para grass 

 11.According to length of field duration of crops 

Very short duration crops (upto 75 days)
Pulses  
Short duration crops (75–100 days)
SunflowerCauliflowerUpland rice
Medium duration crops (100–125 days )
JowarWheatBajra
GroundnutSesameJute
Long duration crops (125–150 days)
MustardTobaccoCotton
Very long duration crops: above 150 days
SugarcaneRed gramCastor

 12.According to the method of harvesting 

Reaping
RiceWheat 
 Uprooting by pulling
 Bengal gramBlack gramLentil, Rapeseed
Uprooting by digging
PotatoSweet potatoGroundnut
Carrot  
Picking
CottonVegetablesBrinjal
BhendiChillies 
Priming
Tobacco  
Cutting
BerseemNapierAmaranthus
Grazing
Para grasskolukkattai grassStylo

 13.Based on crops growing soil condition 

Psammophytes (Sandy soil)
Castor
Lithophytes (Rock surface)
Ferns
 Chasmophytes (Rock crack)
Potato
Acedophytes (Acid soil)
Potato
Basophytes (Alkali soil)
Rice
Calciphytes (Basic soil)
Asparagus
Halophytes (Saline soil)
 Sugar beet, Alfalfa

 14.According to post harvest requirement 

Curing
TobaccoMustard
Stripping
JuteSunnhemp
Shelling
Groundnut 
Ginning
Cotton 
Seasoning
Turmericchillies
Grading and sorting
Potato, WheatRice, Fibre crops

 15.Based on climatic condition 

Tropical crop
CoconutSugarcane
Sub-tropical crop
RiceCotton
Temperate crop
WheatBarley, Mustard
Polar crop
All pinesPasture grasses

 16.Relative Humidity is Related to Crop 

Very high RH is beneficial to crop
MaizeSorghum, Sugarcane (C4 Plants)
Very high RH is Harmful to crop
SunflowerTobacco

Classification of crop Study Material

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Updated: 2020-03-21 — 12:01 am

1 Comment

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  1. Sneha peddireddy

    It is really very useful to us

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