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Agronomy Important Material Table-2

Agronomy Important Material

 Agronomy Important Table Part-1

Subject:- Agronomy

1.Relatively salt tolerant crops

Highly tolerantMedium tolerantSensitive crops
Field crops
  • Barley, Dhaincha,   
  • Sugar beet,
  • Tobacco,
  • Cotton, Mustard.
  • Rice, Sorghum,
  • Pearl millet,   
  • Tur, Wheat, Rye,
  • Oat.
  • Sun hemp, Pea,
  • Groundnut,   
  • Moong,
  • Gram,
  • Urd.
Fodder crops
Rhodes grass,
Khush grass
Sudan grass, Berseem,
Lucerne, Sorghum
Cluster bean
Vegetables
Spinach, Raphanus,
Sugar-beet, Turnip
Cabbage, Cauliflower,
Tomato, Carrot, Onion,
Potato.
Sam, English varieties of Raphanus.
Fruit crops
  • Date palm,
  • Phalsa
  • Pomegranate,
  • Grapes,
  • Guava,
  • Mango,
  • Banana.
  • Apple,
  • Lemon,
  • Strawberry,
  • Almond.

2.Soil reaction preference of crop plants

CroppH
Rice4.0-6.0
Wheat6.0-7.5
Barley5.0-6.5
Oats5.0-7.5
Maize6.0-7.5
Sorghum6.0-7.5
Millets5.0-7.5
Gram5.5-7.0
Moong6.3-7.2
Black gram6.5-7.8
Red gram7.0-8.5
Pea5.5-7.0
Soybean5.5-7.0
Groundnut6.0-6.5
Sunflower6.5-8.5
Sugarcane6.0-7.5
Cotton5.0-6.5
Potato5.0-5.5
Tea4.0-6.0

3.Optimum pH range for availability of different nutrients

NutrientOptimum pH range
N6.0-8.0
P6.5-7.5
K6.0-7.5
S>6.0
Ca and Mg7.0-8.5
Fe6.0-8.5
Mn<6.0
Bo, Cu, Zn5.0-7.0
Mo>7.0

4.

Agro-Ecological Regions Classification by
ICAR8
NSS & LUP 21 (now 20)

5.

Agro-Climatic Zones Classification by
Planning commission 15
NARP of ICAR131

NARP – National Agricultural Research Project

6.Criteria for Harvesting and Storage of Important Crops

CropCriteria for harvestingMoisture content for safe storage of grains
Rice25%14%
Wheat15-20%12%
Sorghum28-30%12%
Maize22-25%12%
Groundnut>40%6%
Sugarcane18-20% (Brix )
CottonBolls fully opened

7.Storage percentage for different crop

CropStorage percentage
Cereal crop10-12%
Pulses crop8-10%
Oil-seed crop6-8%

8.Conversion Ratio Between Raw Material and Processed Products

productProduction %
Rice
Grain production66%(2/3)
Straw production33%(1/3)
Cotton
Cotton lint production1/3
Cotton seed production2/3
Weight of One bale of cotton170kg
Jute
100 yards of hessian2 times of cotton tint production
One bale of jute180 kg
Groundnut
Kernel to nut in shell70%
Oil to nut in shell26%
Oil to kernel (crushed)40%
Cake to kernels60%
Sesamum
Oil to seed (crushed)40%
Cake to seed (crushed)40%
Rape and mustard
Oil to seed (crushed)33%
Cake to seed (crushed)67%
Linseed
Oil to seed (crushed)27%
Cake to seed (crushed)63%
Sugarcane
Gur from cane (crushed)10%
Crystal sugar from gur (refined)62.4%
Khandsari sugar from gur (refined)37.5%
Crystal sugar from cane (crushed)8-10%
Cane trash from cane (harvested)10%
 Cashewnuts
Cashew Kernel from Cashewnuts25 %
Lac
Seed Lac of Stick Lac66.0%
Shell Lac of Stick Lac 57.4 %
Soybean Seed
Oil to Soybean Seed Crushed 18%
Meal to Soybean Seed Crushed 73%
Hull from Soybean Seed Crushed 8%
Wastage from Soybean Seed Crushed 1 %
Neem Seed
Oil to Kernels Crushed 45 -50%
Cake to Kernels Crushed 50 to 55%
Coconut
Copra to Nuts One Ton of Copra = 6773 Nuts
Oil to Copra Crushed 62%
Cake to Copra Crushed 38 %

9.Agro-forestry Systems

AgrisilvicultureAgricultural crops + Forest trees
SilvipastoralForest trees + Grasses
AgrisilvipastoralAgricultural crops + Forest trees+ Grasses
Agrihorti systemAgricultural crops+ Fruit crops
HortisilvicultureFruit crops + Forest trees
AgrihortisilvicultureAgricultural crops + Horticultural crops + Forest crops
AquasilvicultureFish + Forest trees
AgrisilviaquacultureAgricultural crops + Forest trees +Fish

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Updated: 2021-06-25 — 11:20 am

2 Comments

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  1. Cotton 1bale=170kg

  2. sir….Ber is not salt sensitive crop…is salt tolerant crop

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